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Nagpur pronunciation (Marathi: नागपूर) is the largest city in central India As of 2001 and second capital of the state of Maharashtra. It is headquarter of Nagpur district and Nagpur division and is third largest city by population of Maharashtra. Nagpur UA population 2,420,000; is 13th largest urban conglomeration in India and 114th largest city in world. It ranks as 143rd largest urban area in world in terms of population. It is the seat of annual winter session of Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha. The city is the commercial and political center of the state's eastern Vidarbha region. Nagpur lies in central India with Zero mile marker, (indicating the geographical center of India) located here.City was founded by Gond people but later became part of Maratha Empire under the Bhonsles. British East India Company took over the city in 19th century and made it the capital of Central Provinces and Berar. After first state reorganization, it lost the capital status but was made second capital of Maharashtra .

Location 21.06oN 79.03oE
Country INDIA
Region Vidharba
State Maharashtra
District Nagpur
Founded 1702 A.D
Population 2,420,000 (2006)
Density 11,101 /km2 (28,751 /sq mi)
Languages Marathi, Hindi, English
Time Zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area 218 km²(84 sq m)
Pin code 440 0xx
Telephone 91-712
Vehicle MH-31,MH-40

Nagpur is an important location for Dalit Buddhist movement and Hindu nationalist organizations like RSS and VHP. Nagpur is strategically important as it is situated at the cross-roads of India's North-South and East-West routes by road, rail and air.


The Nag River, which is a tributary of the Kanhan River, flows in a serpentine path and so got its name, "Nag", the Marathi word for Snake. The river flows through the old city of Nagpur and so the city derived its name from this river, 'Nag'+'pur'. "Pur" is common suffix given to cities, villages and towns across India, and is often simply translated "city". The seal of Nagpur Municipal Corporation depicts a cobra in the water of a river. Nagpur is famous for growing oranges from which it derives it's nickname Orange city .